Holy Week is the last week of the Lenten season, and the week before Easter. Filipino Christians all over the country observe the Holy Week as the most sacred week of the year.
Holy Week 2012 begins on Palm Sunday, and includes religious holidays Maunday Thursday and Good Friday.
Palm Sunday (April 1) commemorates Jesus Christ's triumphant entry to Jerusalem. It is marked by the distribution of palm leaves to the assembled worshipers. In the country, palm branches ("palaspas") are taken home after being blessed in the Mass and are hung beside, on or above doorways and windows in front of their house. Although the real objective of placing the leaves in front of houses is to welcome Jesus Christ, some Filipinos say that the palm leaves turn away evil spirits.
Holy Monday (April 2) follows after the Palm Sunday, and commemorates the Anointing at Bethany as described in the book of John.
Holy Tuesday (April 3) is notable for being the day on which the chrism mass is celebrated in each diocese. The holy oils are blessed by the bishop, consisting of the chrism, oil of the sick, and oil of catechumens
Holy Wednesday (April 4), which is sometimes known as "Spy Wednesday", is the day of the betrayal of Jesus by Judas Iscariot.
Maundy Thursday (April 5) is declared as a regular holiday. It commemorates the last supper of Jesus Christ with the Apostles.
Good Friday (April 6) is also declared as a regular holiday which commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Cavalry.
Holy Saturday, or Black Saturday (April 7) commemorates the day Jesus Christ's body was laid in the tomb. In the past, every Black Saturday is declared as a special non-working holiday to extend the religious observations and vacations of Filipinos, since it is sandwiched between regular holidays Good Friday and Easter Sunday.
Easter Sunday (April 8) is the feast of resurrection of Jesus Christ, and is also declared as a regular holiday.
The day after Easter Sunday of 2012, April 9, the "Day of Valour" or "Bataan and Corregidor Day" or "Araw ng Kagitingan" is being observed as a regular holiday to commemorate the fall of Bataan during World War II.
Check the rest of 2012 Philippine holidays here.